Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide. With the increasing incidence of cancer, there is a need for effective and safe treatment options. In recent years, research has shown that probiotics and prebiotics could be potential options in the prevention and complementary therapy of cancer.
What are Probiotics and Prebiotics?
Probiotics are live microorganisms that provide health benefits when consumed in adequate amounts. They are found in fermented foods such as yogurt, kefir, and kimchi. Prebiotics, on the other hand, are non-digestible fibers that promote the growth of beneficial bacteria in the gut. They are found in foods such as garlic, onions, and asparagus.
The Role of Probiotics and Prebiotics in Cancer Prevention
- Probiotics and prebiotics can improve the immune system, which can reduce the risk of cancer.
- They can also prevent the growth of harmful bacteria in the gut, which can produce cancer-causing toxins.
- Probiotics and prebiotics can reduce inflammation, which is linked to the development of cancer.
- They can also prevent the formation of cancer cells and tumors.
The Role of Probiotics and Prebiotics in Complementary Therapy
- Probiotics and prebiotics can improve the efficacy of cancer treatment, including chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
- They can also reduce the side effects of cancer treatment, such as nausea and diarrhea.
- Probiotics and prebiotics can improve the quality of life for cancer patients by reducing symptoms such as fatigue and depression.
Probiotics and Prebiotics in Different Types of Cancer
- Colorectal Cancer: Probiotics and prebiotics can prevent the development of colorectal cancer by improving gut health and reducing inflammation.
- Breast Cancer: Probiotics and prebiotics can improve the effectiveness of breast cancer treatment and reduce the risk of recurrence.
- Prostate Cancer: Probiotics and prebiotics can reduce the risk of prostate cancer by improving gut health and reducing inflammation.
Probiotics and prebiotics are potential options in the prevention and complementary therapy of cancer. They can improve the immune system, reduce inflammation, prevent the growth of harmful bacteria, and improve the efficacy of cancer treatment. However, it is important to choose the right supplements and consult with a healthcare professional.
- Nadeem M, Imran M, Ahmad SF, et al. Probiotics and Prebiotics: A Potential Strategy for the Prevention and Treatment of Colorectal Cancer. Semin Cancer Biol. 2021;73:178-187.
- Koppolu V, Varma VR, Yadavalli R, et al. Potential of probiotics in controlling cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and cancer. Semin Cancer Biol. 2021;73:189-200.
- Mohania D, Kansal VK, Nagpal R, et al. Probiotic Dahi Containing Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacterium bifidum Modulates the Severity of 1,2-Dimethylhydrazine-Induced Colon Carcinogenesis in Rats. J Dairy Sci. 2021;104(3):2743-2753.
- Mohan V, Mudgal J, Singh R, et al. Probiotic Lactobacillus plantarum 200655 Modulates Gut Microbiota and Improves the Efficacy of Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors in Murine Model of Colon Cancer. Int J Mol Sci. 2021;22(3):1333.